While still awaiting an official announcement from the Casa de Misericordia (the House of Mercy), reliable sources report that the bull breeds for the 2010 San Fermín encierro and feria have been officially set but not official announced.
These are las ganaderías de MIURA, D.JOSÉ CEBADA GAGO, FUENTE YMBRO, JANDILLA, EL VENTORRILLO, DOLORES AGUIRRE YBARRA, EL PILAR and VICTORIANO DEL RíO.
You can run the encierro without knowing the breeds, or even run without knowing that the bulls come from different ranches.
However, knowledge of the breed contributes to personal and group safety.
For instance, the breed NUÑEZ DEL CUVILLO had become famously vicious in the morning runs, and were left out of the encierro for more than a few years. Then, when they were permitted to run in 2008 and 2009 they gored no one, and actually appeared indifferent toward the runners. They are not being welcomed back in 2010.
Or, the D.JOSÉ CEBADA GAGO breed run notoriously fast, and on crowded days, and seem to always manage to gore someone.
Or, as to the swift FUENTE YMBRO breed, these bulls only started running in Pamplona in 2005. In 2009, 2008, 2007, and 2005, no one was gored. In 2006, there was only a single goring.
Knowing the breeds also enhances the running experience by placing the breed into historical context.
For instance, the iconic MIURA are “toro de real.” These regal bulls from Seville first appeared in bull rings in Spain in 1849, and have been appearing on Sundays in Pamplona for decades.
In Death in the Afternoon, Hemingway takes pains to emphasize that these bulls come from “old fighting stock” and appear to have an ability to learn from their experience. Like a velociraptor, when a Miura looks at you, you can tell he’s working things out.
Most famously, a Miura (named Islero) killed the beloved matador Manolete in August 1947.
They are legendary in size, difficult to kill, and considered – rightfully so – as noble in nature. They are that magnificent. In our experience, they usually stay together and avoid runners. However, in 2009, the Miura were involved in a gruesome five (5) minute run with an attendant 5 horn wounds in the callejón.
In comparison, EL VENTORRILLO first appeared in Pamplona in 2008 and will be making only their third appearance in 2010.
For 2010, it appears that the JANDILLA will again be permitted to run, notwithstanding the fatality of Daniel Jimeno Romero on July 10, 2009, caused by the toro “Capuchino.” The Jandilla seem to be involved in increasingly frightening incidents every summer. With these, great care is necessary.